• Ectopic pregnancy

    Definition: The implantation and development of pregnancy at a site other than the lining of the uterus is called ectopic pregnancy. The most common site of ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube but the cervix, ovary or abdominal cavity can also be involved. Such a pregnancy cannot developed normally and…

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  • Eclampsia

    Definition: It is the severe form of pregnancy induced hypertension. In this condition patient starts getting fits due to uncontrolled high blood pressure, generally > 160/110 mm. Cause: This is a condition peculiar to pregnancy and improves spontaneously after pregnancy. It occurs more commonly in first pregnancy, multiple pregnancy, and…

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  • Blighted ovum

    Definition: A blighted ovum is a common type of miscarriage. It happens when a fertilized egg implants in the uterus but the resulting embryo either stops developing very early or doesn’t form at all. Basically it’s an ultrasonographic finding when one can diagnose the early embryonic growth arrest. Symptoms: Patient…

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  • Incompetent Cervix

    It is a weakness of the cervix i.e. the opening of the uterus, which leads to abortion of the fetus at 3 to 6 months of gestation. It is characterized by sudden painless opening of the cervix, breaking of waters and expulsion of the immature fetus. Unless effectively treated, this…

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  • Fetal Death

    Definition: Death of the fetus while in the uterus of mother. Fetal death has declined significantly because of better antenatal care. Cause: Cause can usually be determined by proper history, examination, and tests of both mother and the fetus. An autopsy conducted on the dead fetus gives important information for…

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  • Hydramnios

    Definition: The baby grows inside the womb in a fluid-filled sac which is called the amniotic sac while the fluid is called amniotic fluid. Normally, amniotic fluid increases gradually to a volume of 1 liter by 36 weeks of pregnancy and decreases thereafter. Excessive amniotic fluid more than 2 liters…

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